Lets Learn Umbraco 3 - Document Types

Unlike other Content Management Systems, the way Umbraco works is, you don’t create a page and you are done. You need to create a Document Type.

Document Types

We can think Document Types as a data container in Umbraco in which we can add data fields / attributes to it. The only limit to extending document types is your imagination. Or if you want to, you can think document type as a content list for a page that has to contain. An example of a Document Type with it’s data fields can be the following homepage, with the following data fields and their respective types.

Remember that different kind of pages need different document types and create a new Doc Type: - if you think you do - for every design template

If you want to read more about Document Types you can use this link

Creating a Document Type

Let’s create the Home Page of our website. In order to do this, go to;

Tabs and Properties

The main reason Umbraco tabs exist to organise properties. Even though at the time of creating the homepage content which we named as “Welcome” without any tabs, Umbraco automatically added several tabs and properties such as:

If we want to store and manage any other property besides these, we have to manually enter those tabs and properties to the page. In order to add any tab to our page, we follow the following route:

Settings -> Document Type -> Home Page -> Add New Tab -> Give any name you want

After entering the name, you will see a right bar appearing which we can enter another name to it, which will be visible to our content editors in our content section. Now let’s create a rich text editor for our page.

At the same sidebar which we entered the tabs name, click on “Add Editor” and find “Rich Text Editor”. Add it, hit save and submit it.

Now, check the Welcome content we created in the content section, you will see a new section appearing.


When we are adding a property to a document type, we need to define a Datatype for each of the property we are adding. A datatype determines the type of control displayed to our content editor. Therefore it is very important to choose the proper datatype.

Most common default datatypes:

Master Document Type

It allows to use inheritance between document types. By using Master Document Types to inherit the properties of another Document Type rather than recreating the properties every time.